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The 7 Cardinal Elements of Interior Design, & amp; How to Use Them!

When it comes to interior design, words like originality and flair come to mind first, but many people are startled to learn that there is some science involved. Professional interior designers frequently adhere to a set of unwritten "rules" that are based on specific interior design ideas and features. Space, line, forms, light, color, texture, and pattern are all interior design components that must be balanced in order to create an aesthetically beautiful room. Getting these aspects to work together in harmony will not only improve the beauty of a room, but it will also improve its usefulness.

To begin, an interior designer will evaluate the area using these interior design aspects, then use them to conceal or improve the space's numerous characteristics and shortcomings.


Space is the cornerstone of an interior, and understanding it ensures you're most equipped to take advantage of what's available to you. Sometimes the available ‘space' can't always be adjusted (though a designer may have the luxury of doing so), you must work with what you have within the rooms physical constraints.


Horizontal, vertical, and dynamic lines all help to form and direct the eye in a room. Harmony, unity, and contrast can be achieved by drawing lines using the room's furnishings and structural design.


The shape of the room, as well as any objects within it, is referred to as form. In other words, it refers to the three-dimensional physical form of things.


Light, whether natural or artificial, is an important feature of any place. All of the other aspects would be unable to shine to their full potential without it. Task lighting (defined purpose), accent lighting (emphasizing objects), and mood lighting (adding ambience) are the three types of lighting categorization. 


Color is a science in and of itself, and it is yet another crucial factor that interior designers master. It has the power to set the tone, define unity, and change how big or tiny a place appears.


The tactile surface of an object or finish is referred to as texture. It's an element that's often disregarded, yet it has the power to provide a new depth to the space. An interior designer combines textures within a space in the same way that they mix color and pattern to create a subtle sense of

depth. Think glossy, coarse, smooth. Texture can give character and intricacy to anything from furniture to accessories to cloth, making it more visually appealing. In essence, it offers the impression

of being in a room.


Pattern, when combined with color, has a comparable effect to texture in terms of adding attractiveness to a space. The use of a repeated design creates a pattern, which can be found in wallpaper, soft furnishings, rugs, and fabrics. Stripes, geometric, pictorial, organic, motif, and animal prints are all examples of patterns. Patterns can bring a room to life by being both entertaining to use and functional. However, it's ideal to stick to a maximum of three patterns, all of which should be based on the same color scheme.

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